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Learn the Indicators of Sex Trafficking


Fearful of police/authorities.  Fearful of the traffickings, believing their lives or family members' lives are at risk if they escape.  Fearful of telling others about their situation.

Limited freedom of movement.  Unable to travel freely -- picked up and dropped off at work location by another person.

Signs of physical and/or psychological trauma (anxiety lack of memory of recent events, bruising, untreated conditions. Appear malnourished.

Excessively monitored or controlled by another person, who insists on speaking for them or being present at all times.

Have no identification -- no passport, or mention that someone else is holding their passport.

Unpaid or paid very little.

Tattoo / Branding by trafficker

Unaware they have been trafficked and believe they are simply in a bad job or situation.

Seem to be in debt to someone.

Regularly moved to avoid detection, city to city, state to state.

Display a limited amount of clothing, of which a large proportion is sexually provocative.

Carries numerous hotel keys/cards.

Illegal substance misuse or abuse.


Indicators Specific to Child Trafficking

Under 18 years of age.

In relationship with significantly older people.

Detached or suddenly isolated from the majority of family or friends.

Often going missing / truancy.

Secretive; uses phone or other device during the night.

Has unexplained money/presents/cell phone.

Shows signs of physical or sexual abuse (bruises, cuts, burns, submissiveness, jumpy, malnourishment); appears fearful, anxious, depressed, overly submissive and avoids eye contact.

Experiments with drugs/alcohol.

Noticeable changes in dress, jewelry, hair or nails without explainable sources of income.

Shows evidence of physical/sexual assault (including STI's).

Numerous inconsistencies in his/her story; contradictory personal information (age, place of birth, family life).

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